Police moved in to prevent people voting in Sunday’s disputed election
The Spanish government’s representative in Catalonia has apologised to those injured during police efforts to stop Sunday’s independence referendum.
But Enric Millo blamed the Catalan government for holding an illegal vote.
Meanwhile the government in Madrid has issued a decree making it easier for companies to move their headquarters away from Catalonia.
A Catalan minister told the BBC his government would go ahead with an independence debate in parliament.
“Parliament will discuss, parliament will meet,” said Catalan foreign affairs chief Raül Romeva. “Every attempt the Spanish government has used to impede things to happen, they have been demonstrated completely not only useless but counter-productive,” he told the BBC in English.
In the first apology by a Spanish government official over the violence on Sunday, which saw hundreds injured as police, trying to enforce a Spanish court ban on the vote, attempted to seize ballot boxes and disperse voters, Mr Millo said he could not help but “regret it and apologise on behalf of the officers that intervened”.
Friday has seen a number of political, judicial and business developments in the unfolding crisis in Catalonia.
The political developments
Catalan President Carles Puigdemont now plans to address the Catalan parliament on Tuesday – later than had been expected.
Spain’s Constitutional Court had earlier suspended the Catalan parliament session that had been planned for Monday – though it remains scheduled, according to Catalan officials.
There is speculation that the parliament will declare independence unilaterally at its next sitting, based on last Sunday’s disputed vote.
After a cabinet meeting, the Spanish government spokesman also expressed regret that people had “suffered consequences” during Sunday’s vote – though he cast doubt on the numbers who had been injured.
Íñigo Méndez de Vigo suggested that new elections in Catalonia might be a way to heal the fracture caused by the disputed referendum.
Organisers of Sunday’s vote in Catalonia put the turnout at 42%, with 2.2 million people taking part. They say 90% voted for independence, but have not published the final results. There have been several claims of irregularities.
The judicial developments
Meanwhile, the Catalan chief of police, Josep Lluis Trapero, has appeared before a judge in Madrid on suspicion of sedition against the state.
His Mossos d’Esquadra force is accused of failing to protect Spanish national police from protesters ahead of the 1 October independence referendum.
The “sedition” hearing took place at the national criminal court in Madrid. The defendants are accused of failing to help Guardia Civil police tackle thousands of pro-independence protesters outside the Catalan Economy Department in Barcelona on 20 September.
Along with Commander Trapero, another Catalan police officer and two leading independence activists, Jordi Cuixart and Jordi Sanchez, are also being investigated in Madrid.
They all left the court after Friday morning’s hearing free, without facing any Spanish restrictions. It is not yet clear what they told the judge.
The Guardia Civil submitted an official accusation against the Mossos.
Leading newspaper El Pais says the allegation of sedition is extraordinary in post-Franco democratic Spain.
As recently as August, the Mossos was being widely praised for quickly tackling the Islamist cell that carried out the Barcelona terror attack in that month.
The business developments
Madrid’s decree making it easier for companies to relocate their legal base away from Catalonia means such a decision will now not need the prior approval of shareholders.
According to media reports, the board of Barcelona-based Gas Natural Fenosa voted on Friday to move its headquarters to Madrid. The multinational utility company supplies gas and electricity to customers in Spain and beyond.
On Thursday, Sabadell, a major bank, decided to transfer its legally registered base from Barcelona to the south-eastern Spanish city of Alicante. Its HQ and workforce will remain in Barcelona.
CaixaBank, another large Barcelona-based institution, is considering a similar move.
This would ensure the banks remained within the eurozone and under the supervision of the European Central Bank, even if Catalonia broke away from Spain.
Catalonia is Spain’s richest region and accounts for 19% of Spain’s GDP.